Two or more identical file names in the same directory. Nowadays, applications that use every drop of CPU power and cannot tolerate a small loss of performance, are few and far between. When all changes corresponding to a particular transaction have been completed, that transaction can be safely removed from the log.
When a file is accessed during a program, the open system call reads in the FCB information from disk, and stores it in the system-wide open file table. What the kernel does is first check to see if the process owns all the ports in the list.
A per-process open file table, containing a pointer to the system open file table as well as some other information. The server also maintains a list of currently connected clients, so that they can be notified in the event of the server going down and for other reasons.
A combination of full and incremental backups can offer a compromise between full recoverability, the number and size of backup tapes needed, and the number of tapes that need to be used to do a full restore. When a file outgrows its original extent, then an additional one is allocated. There are also several key data structures stored in memory: Kernel Threads Another issue relevant here is that of system threads, no matter which structuring model is chosen.
At any given time, the log will contain information pertaining to uncompleted transactions only, e. The most important ones are sandboxing and code signing as interpretation is not really practical for kernel code. The distinction is that the high time penalty required for moving the disk heads from spot to spot may now justify the benefits of keeping files contiguously when possible.
A system-wide open file table, containing a copy of the FCB for every currently open file in the system, as well as some other related information.
Solaris partially overcomes the limitation described above with its branded zones feature, which provides the ability to run an environment within a container that emulates an older Solaris 8 or 9 version in a Solaris 10 host.
When a file is transferred over a network from the source disk to the destination process, the checksum is transferred, too, and also recomputed at the receiving end. For these types of files progression normally goes in a forward direction only, and the most recently used page will not be needed again until after the file has been rewound and re-read from the beginning, if it is ever needed at all.
Some disk space is wasted relative to linked lists or FAT tables because an entire index block must be allocated for each file, regardless of how many data blocks the file contains.
Another issue affecting performance is the question of whether to implement synchronous writes or asynchronous writes. For example, one strategy might be:At the highest level, system design is dominated by the choice of hardware and system type. Beyond this level, the requirements can be divided into two groups: user goals, and system goals.
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The boot block is accessed as part of a raw partition, by the boot program prior to any operating system being loaded. Modern boot programs understand multiple OSes and filesystem formats, and can give the user a choice of which of several available systems to boot.
This set of Operating System Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “File System Implementation”. 1. Management of metadata information is done by.Download