The other basic key term of this theory is the concept of unconscious. Psychologists have looked at how people exhibit different behaviours when they are part of a crowd. Reicher and Stott argued that the rioters did not lose their identities in the riots but rather they switched to the social identity which resulted in a collective action.
Arguing individuals behave in ways they would not normally do when in large numbershe considered crowds to be dangerousunpredictable and needing to be controlledgoing on to note how when in groups individuals become easily manipulated.
He suggested that the loss of self was a result of individuality being taken over by the dynamics of the group. As such the social groups act in a way which is more uniformed and predictable than the individuals themselves. Drury as cited in Dixon and Mahendran, explains how terms like contagion shape how crowds are understood negatively.
However, research gives much support to the use of intergroup perspective rather than interpersonal theories to explain this phenomenon. All of the previous models focus on what is lost when part of a crowd — loss of identity, loss of individuality, and loss of self-awareness.
Similarly the deindividuation theories would suggest that the effects of crowd behaviour on the individual are negative in a sense that they lead to increased aggression.
The theory of crowd behaviour has moved away from the older perspective McDougall, Le Bon, etc. This notion was put forward by Le Bonone of the founders of crowd psychology researchand has been carried forward in subsequent de -individuation theories of crowd behaviour.
From the perspective of the social identity theory crowd behaviour is not necessarily connected with anonymity and the loss of self. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 37, Martin interpreted crowd behaviour as the release for repressed drives.
The essay will also present evidence to support these claims. At a first glance it seems like deindividuation had occurred and crowds do lend themselves to a loss of self.
The Psychology of Crowd Dynamics. An explanation of the limits of crowd action in terms of a social identity model. They both start with the assumption that the crowd behaviour involves anonymity which is associated with the loss of self to a certain degree.
All social psychologists generally agree being in a crowd shapes behaviour. The rioters were not random criminals but were members of the social community with a shared ideas and goals.
Depending on each particular situation and the norms that are important in each, behaviour can become either pro-social or anti-social in crowd environments. The crowd behaviour theories are concerned with how individuals experience being a part of a large group and how this in turn influences their feelings and behaviour.
Le Bon argued that the concept of anonymity in the crowd is not beneficial at all. My main hope is to make it to the end of the module and finally claim my degree, my main fear is that I will not last that long if chapters 2 and 3 are anything to go by.
For example, bank robbers wearing masks may be rendered anonymous, yet remain acutely aware of their individual culpability for their actions and of the fact that those actions are being closely monitored by others as cited in Dixon and Mahendran, Groups seem to have a common goal in mind in acting as they do, and also that their actions are often motivated by identification with some group.Crowds Essay Sample.
Explain the place of anonymity in theories of crowd behaviour. Is it always associated with a ‘loss of self ‘ It’s claimed feelings of anonymity from the security of being in the crowd encourages individuals to behave outside of their normal constraints.
Crowd behaviour, according to Reicher, therefore involves a change rather than a loss of identity. Reicher’s new theory of crowd behaviour raised four issues that do not fall in line with Deiner’s deindividuation theory.
1. Although crowd behaviour is violent, it is often under control at the same time. 2. Crowds are not always anonymous.
3. Explain the place of anonymity in theories of crowd behaviour. Is it always associated with a ‘loss of self’ (Dixon and Manhendran, ) Social psychology provides much information with regards to collective behaviour and the interaction of individuals within a crowd.
Theories regarding anonymity were difficult to apply in this case but needed to be considered for the influence they have had on other theorists. It is interesting to note that both LeBon's and Freud's view of the crowd was mirrored by security personnel.
Some of the most important theories regarding crowd behaviour are as follows: 1. Le Bon’s Theory 2. McDougall’s Theory 3. Freud’s Theory 4. Allport’s Theory 5. Turner’s Theory! The study of collective behaviour started with the study of crowd behaviour.
In the 19th century, crowd behaviour. This essay aims to address the place of anonymity within these theories of crowd behaviour and explore whether anonymity is always associated with a loss of self. Taking a look at the origins of the deindividuation concept, Le-Bonn put forward the idea of a group mind.Download